Understanding the Different Asphalt Types


Last Updated on July 15, 2024

Whether your project is small enough to complete yourself, or you’re planning to hire a paving contractor such as Top Job Asphalt, there are a number of asphalt materials you should know about prior to beginning any asphalt paving project. These materials include but are not limited to: cold, warm, and hot mix asphalt. Each of the following asphalt types has its own share of pros and cons.

Hot Mix Asphalt

Hot mix asphalt (HMA) is the designation given to asphalt mixtures that are heated and poured at temperatures between 275 and 350 degrees Fahrenheit. This type of asphalt is the most commonly used asphalt type in the United States. State transportation departments prefer hot asphalt due to its flexibility, weather resistance, and ability to repel water. Hot mix asphalt provides a more permanent fix for patching potholes. This type of mix can be used to pave interstates, highways, and roadways.

Warm Mix Asphalt

Warm mix asphalt (WMA) is heated and poured at temperatures between 200 and 275 degrees Fahrenheit. Warm mix asphalt can be processed using either a foaming technique or by including an additive. Several benefits result from using this asphalt type. First, less fuel is consumed, which results in increased energy savings and reduced production costs. Secondly, fewer fossil fuels are emitted, which is better for the environment and worker health. WMA, however, does not cool as fast as HMA. It can be used to pave roads, highways, and interstates during the day or at night.

Cold Mix Asphalt

Cold mix asphalt or blacktop mix as it is commonly referred to is specifically used for repairing potholes. It is produced by emulsifying the asphalt in water with a proprietary oil before mixing in aggregates. This process keeps the asphalt soft and helps to repel water. This asphalt type doesn’t require heat, any heavy rolling machines, or commercial applicators. It can be shoveled or poured directly into potholes with little to no preparation needed and tamped down using a hand tool. This makes it DIY-friendly.

Call us today or schedule a free estimate to see which of these mixes is gonna be best for you.

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Mike Phillips
Mike Phillips
January 17, 2023.
Great company to work with. We contacted Top Job to repair a county road that we dug across for an irrigation line. They were very professional yet friendly. Our job was completed quickly. We recommend this company.
Sam Rowley
Sam Rowley
December 8, 2022.
I’m not sure how the service actually is, but some old guy in a Top Job Toyota was riding my butt today and flipped me off, or it was maybe an aggressive wave at the red light near the Logan library. Hope his day gets better. 12/8 at 230
Kim Rappleye
Kim Rappleye
December 7, 2022.
Very professional and personalized service. Highly recommended!
Mark Malmstrom
Mark Malmstrom
November 22, 2022.
They were easy to get a hold of and showed up when they were scheduled. Good communication and good work.
David Bunnell
David Bunnell
November 4, 2022.
I appreciated the pleasant attitude when talking w/the estimator as well as the scheduler. The work crew did a great job! I highly recommend Top Job Asphalt!
Steven Jacobsen
Steven Jacobsen
October 30, 2022.
Top job Asphalt did an amazing job on my project very professional, I would definitely use them again when I have the need.
Chris Salvesen
Chris Salvesen
October 28, 2022.
Did a great job on the 3" overlay for my very old and deteriorated half circle driveway. Looks brand new. All the transitions to concrete are near perfectly matched when I wasn't sure they could do it. It's almost weird now not feeling the bump driving out of the garage or over our bridge.
Matt Welch
Matt Welch
October 27, 2022.
Top Job paved our asphalt driveways and we couldn't be happier. The service, quality and price were the best I could find and I looked everywhere! Great job guys! I'll be calling back when I start my next project.
Todd Wardrop
Todd Wardrop
October 26, 2022.
I'm so impressed!!😀 Top Job has done such excellent work on my neighbor's driveway ... I'm so jealous. It's absolutely beautiful, and I can't believe how smooth it turned out. It's just perfect. What a great company!

What Our Customers Are Saying

Very impressed with the quality of their work and the organization of the company. The project estimator was spot on as to when the bid would be received and the work was professional  from start to finish. I appreciated the opportunity for a walkthrough inspection after the crack filling was completed as I had some very large cracks in the asphalt. I give this company a ten out of ten (which I really do) and highly recommend them.

Paul Pratt